The Machupicchu archaeological complex is located in the department of Cusco, in the Urubamba province and district of Machupicchu. It is perched on the eastern slopes of the Vilcanota mountain range, a chain of mountains curtailed by the Apurimac and Urubamba Rivers. At latitude 13º7′ South and longitude 72035′ West of the Greenwich Meridian, Machupicchu is located at a height of 2,350 meters above sea level (main square).
CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT
It is located in a subtropical zone, or dense wood, the reason why the climate is mild, warm and damp, with an average year-round temperature of 21ºC (69ºF) during the day. One can perceive two distinct seasons during the year: the rainy season from November to March, which is a time of heavy rains. Visitors are advised to dress accordingly during this season. The dry season from April to October brings on higher temperaturas.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Both are abundant and varied. Typical plant life in the historic reserve of Machupicchu includes Pisonayes, Q’eofias, Alisos, Puya palm trees, Ferns and more than 90 species of orchids.
The fauna in the reserve bear, cock-of-the-rocks or “tunqui”, tankas, wildcats and an impressive variety of butterflies and insects unique in the region.
The shape of the land, the natural surroundings and the strategic location of Machupicchu lend this monument a fusion of beauty, harmony and balance between the work of the ancient Peruvians and the whims of nature.
MACHU PICCHU, LAND OF THE ORCHIDS
Machu Picchu, land of the Orchids Many species are living for centuries in the Sanctuary, but only one is the queen of all plants and living creatures, with over 300 species and many colors, this plant is such a beautiful thing to observed and smell, that’s why Machu Picchu, Land of the Orchids, must live forever.